Today in Milligan History, 7/20

Today in Milligan History
an ongoing project of Phi Alpha Theta History Honor Society
appearing sporadically during the summer months

Good day, Milligan!
Proverbs 20:15 – “Gold there is, and rubies in abundance, but lips that speak knowledge are a rare jewel.”
This is Monday, July 20, 2015, and on this day in Milligan history . . .

1776 The Battle of Long Island Flats between European settlers and Cherokees ensued because of raids on settlements in what is now northeast Tennessee by chiefs Dragging Canoe, Abraham, and The Raven. At the violent encounter on Long Island (just south of Kingsport, TN), in the middle of the Holston River, Dragging Canoe sustained severe wounds and his Cherokee warriors fled. For the rest of his 17-year anti-settler career (1775 -1792), Dragging Canoe relied on stealth tactics rather than conventional warfare. Carolyn Sakowski, Touring the East Tennessee Backroads (Winston-Salem: John F. Blair, 1997), pp. 134, 158-159.

1786 Cherokee warriors under the leadership of Chief Old Tassel attacked and killed European settlers on Beaver Creek in what is now Knox County, TN. European settlers retaliated under the leadership of State of Franklin Governor John Sevier (1745-1815) and General William Cocke of the Franklin militia. A state of war between Franklin and the Cherokee nation lasted until mid-August. James R. Gilmore, John Sevier as a Commonwealth Builder (Appleton, 1887), reprinted by Overmountain Press (Johnson City, TN), 1997, pp. 75-84.

1874 Ex-president Andrew Johnson of Greeneville, TN, announced his intention to run for the United States Senate again. If elected, he would be the only ex-President to return to that body. Hans L. Trefousse, Andrew Johnson: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton, 1989, p. 369.

Birthdays: This is June Leonard’s (Fide et Amore) birthday! She retired from Milligan in 2014 and served as Technical Services Manager at Milligan’s P. H. Welshimer Memorial Library. She shares this birthday with poet Francesco Petrarch, born in 1304 in Arezzo, Italy . . . with Sir Edmund Hillary, born in 1919 in Auckland, New Zealand . . . and with anti-colonialist writer (Wretched of the Earth) Frantz Fanon, born in 1925 on Martinique in the Caribbean.

In 1871 British Columbia became Canada’s sixth province.
In 1944 Franklin Delano Roosevelt accepted an unprecedented fourth Democratic Party nomination for the Presidency of the United States.
In 1944 Adolf Hitler narrowly escaped assassination when a briefcase-bomb placed by Col. Claus von Stauffenberg exploded in the Führer’s map room in the Wolfsschanze.
In 1969 Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, having come “in peace for all mankind,” walked on the surface of the Moon.
In 1988 the Democratic Party nominated Massachusetts governor Michael Dukakis for the presidency.
In 1996 the XXVI Olympic Summer Games opened in Atlanta, GA.

Do you know something that happened on this day in Milligan history? Is this the birthday of a Milligan personality? The anniversary of a Milligan event? If so, send it to Phi Alpha Theta at